[1]张丹,张军,欧阳盼,等.南昌市常见鸟类对环境中Cu、Pb、Cd重金属污染物的指示作用研究[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(03):319-323.
 ZHANG Dan,ZHANG Jun,OUYANG Pan,et al.The Environment Indicative Function of Cu, Pb, Cd Heavy Metal Pollutants in Common Birds at Nanchang[J].,2013,(03):319-323.
点击复制

南昌市常见鸟类对环境中Cu、Pb、Cd重金属污染物的指示作用研究()
分享到:

《江西师范大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2013年03期
页码:
319-323
栏目:
出版日期:
2013-05-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Environment Indicative Function of Cu, Pb, Cd Heavy Metal Pollutants in Common Birds at Nanchang
作者:
张丹;张军;欧阳盼;宋鹏飞;倪才英
江西师范大学鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,江西南昌,330022;江西省科学院应用化学研究所,江西南昌,330027
Author(s):
ZHANG Dan;ZHANG Jun;OUYANG Pan;SONG Peng-fei;NI Cai-ying
关键词:
南昌市鸟类重金属富集系数环境指示
Keywords:
Nanchang citybirdsheavy metalsenrichment coefficientenvironment bioindicator
分类号:
Q958.12
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
鸟类是环境监测的代表性指示生物之一,为研究南昌市Cu、Pb、Cd的重金属污染状况,于2009年4~11月,在南昌市鸟类主要林栖地收集了6种鸟类(牛背鹭、燕子、白鹭、斑鸠、麻雀、白头鹎),用原子吸收法分别测定了这6种鸟类的心、肝、肺、胗、肌肉、绒羽和飞羽样品中Cu、Pb、Cd的含量.结果表明:3种重金属在这6种鸟体内的富集顺序是一致的,即Cu >Pb>Cd;但重金属的富集存在明显的种间差异,6种鸟类的飞羽对这3种重金属富集量的大小各不相同,且富集能力因组织和元素的种类不同而不同;肝脏是Cu和Cd富集的目标器官,肺是Pb富集的目标器官.相同组织中的重金属含量因鸟的年龄大小也有差异,普遍规律是:成鸟>幼鸟.经与其它地区比较,发现南昌市白鹭的飞羽对Cu、Cd的富集量低于法国Camargue生物圈保护区,而Pb的富集量高于厦门白鹭自然保护区、香港米埔自然保护区和法国Camar-gue生物圈保护区,说明南昌市的Pb污染较严重,而Cu、Cd的污染较轻.
Abstract:
The bird is one of the representative biological indicators in the environment monitoring.In order to research the content of heavy metal pollution levels about Cu,Pb and Cd in Nanchang,six kinds of bird samples including Cattle Egret(Bubulcus ibis),Swallow(Hirundines),Egrets(Egretta garzetta),Turtle Dove(Streptopelia turtur),Sparrow(Passer montanus)and Chinese Bulbul(Pycnonotus sinensis),and collected from main forests in Nanchang city from April to November,2011,are studied.Samples of hearts,livers,lungs,gizzards,muscles,down feathers and remigess were tested for residues of Cu,Pb and Cd by atomic absorption spectrometry analysis.Results showed that three heavy metals concentration ordered as Cu>Pb>Cd in six kinds of birds.There were significant differences of interspecies among birds,involved the birds remigess in the three heavy metals,which concentration were different in each other and the enrichment capability varied by organs and elements.Livers were the object organs for accumulation of Cu and Cd,lungs were the object for accumulation of Pb.In the same organs,heavy metal contents were altered by birds age,the common regular pattern showed by adults were larger than young.Compared with other regions by remigess of Egretta garzetta in Nanchang,it is found that the Cu、Cd enrichment levels were lower Camargue of France,while Pb enrichment levels were higher Egret Nature Reserve of Xiamen,Maipo of Hong Kong and Camargue of France.It's indicated that the pollution of Pb was more serious in Nanchang,while Cu and Cd pollution were less.

参考文献/References:

[1] Hoffman D J,Heinz G H.Effects of mercury and selenium on glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress in mallard ducks [J].Environ Toxicol and Chem,1998,17(2):161-166.
[2] 常学秀,文传浩,王焕校.重金属污染与人体健康 [J].云南环境科学,2000,19(1):59-61.
[3] Bergman A,Bergstrand A,Bignert A.Renal lesions in baltic grey seals(Halichoerus grypus)and ringed seals( Phocahisp ida botnica)[J].AMB IO,2001,30(7):397-409.
[4] Nordberg G,Jin T,Bernard A,et al.Low bone density and renal dysfunction following environmental cadmium exposure in China [J].AMB IO,2002,31(6):478-481.
[5] Zhang Hui.Heavy metal pollution and arseniasis in Hetao,China [J].AMB IO,2004,33(3):122-114.
[6] 董元华,龚钟明,王辉,等.无锡鼋头渚夜鹭体内重金属残留与分布特征 [J].应用生态学报,2002,13(2):213-216.
[7] 周晓平,陈小麟,方文珍,等.厦门白鹭保护区白鹭体内重金属含量的分析 [J].厦门大学学报:自然科学版,2004,43(3):412-415.
[8] 杨琼芳,邹发生,陈桂珠.用鸟体组织监测环境中的重金属污 [J].广州环境科学,2004,19(3):37-39.
[9] 邹发生,杨琼芳,谢美琪.广州市白云山4种雀形目鸟类重金属残留分析 [J].农村生态环境,2005,27(7):57-54.
[10] 李峰,丁长青.重金属污染对鸟类的影响 [J].生态学报,2007,27(1):297-301.
[11] Burger J,Gochfeld M.Heavy metal and selenium levels in feathers of young egrets and herons from Hong Kong and Szechuan,China [J].Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,1993,25(3):322-327.
[12] Cosson R P,Amiard J,Amiard Triquet C.Trace elements in little egrets and flamingos of Camarguey [J].France Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,1988,15(1):107-116.
[13] 吕尤,宫茜茜,李自亲.城市鸟类体内重金属含量与环境污染相关性的研究 [C].上海:野生动物生态与资源保护第3届全国学术研讨会论文摘要集,2006.
[14] 周立志,张磊,仇文娜.夜鹭雏鸟3种重金属污染物的富集特征 [J].安徽大学学报:自然科学版2009,33(5):80-90.
[15] Boukhemza M,Doumandji S,Voisin C,et al.Food resources availability and exploitation by the Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis in Kabylia,Algeria [J].Revued Cologie-Aterre et la vie,2000,55(4):361-381.
[16] 李枫,张微微,刘广平.扎龙湿地水体中金属沿食物链的生物累计分析 [J].东北林业大学学报,2007,35(1):44-46.
[17] Rikuo D,Hideki O,Masazumi H.Mercury in feathers of wild birds from mercury-polluted area along the shore of Shiranui Sea [J].The Science of The Total Environment,1984,40:155-167.
[18] Hahn E,Hahn K,Stoeppler M.Bird feathers as bioindicators in areas of the German Enviornmental Specimen Bank-bioac of mercury in food chains and exogenous deposition of atmospheric pollution with lead and cadmium [J].Sci Total Environ,1993,49:259-270.
[19] Joanna B,Michael G.Heavy metal and selenium levels in birds at Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge,Minnesota:Food chain differences [J].Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,1996,43(3):267-282.
[20] Joanna B,Michael G.Interspecific and locational differences in heavy metal levels in four species of birds near sydney,Australia [J].Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,1999,58(1):105-119.
[21] Boncompagni E,Muhammad A,Jabeen R.Egrets as onitors of race-etal ontamination in etlands of akistan [J].Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,2003,45(3):399-406.
[22] 王翠榆,陈虎,方译,等.不同地点及性别的白鹭、池鹭羽毛的重金属含量分析 [J].厦门大学学报:自然科学版,2008,47(2):246-249.
[23] 吕尤,宫茜茜,李自亲.牡丹江市工业区麻雀体内重金属残留分析 [J].生态与农村环境学报,2008,24(3):94-96.
[24] 刘庆,陈美,陈小麟.厦门几种猛禽体内的重金属分布 [J].厦门大学学报:自然科学版,2006,45(2):280-283.
[25] Burger J.Metals in avian feathers:bioindicators of environmental pollution [J].Review of Environmental Toxicology,1994,5:203-211.
[26] Chao Pan,Zheng Guangmei,Zhang Zhengwang,et al.Metal contamination in tree sparrows in different locations of Beijing [J].Bull Environ Contam Toxico,2003,71(1):142-147.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金(41061037);江西省教育厅科技课题(GJJ08150);江西省科技厅课题(BSB09201)
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01