[1]蒋剑虹,陈斌,邵明勤.鄱阳湖越冬水鸟共存机制的初步研究[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2015,(03):257-262.
 JIANG Jianhong,CHEN Bin,SHAO Mingqin.The Study on Coexistence Mechanism of Wintering Water Birds at Poyang Lake,Jiangxi Province,China[J].,2015,(03):257-262.
点击复制

鄱阳湖越冬水鸟共存机制的初步研究()
分享到:

《江西师范大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2015年03期
页码:
257-262
栏目:
出版日期:
2015-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Study on Coexistence Mechanism of Wintering Water Birds at Poyang Lake,Jiangxi Province,China
作者:
蒋剑虹;陈斌;邵明勤
江西师范大学生命科学学院,江西 南昌 330022
Author(s):
JIANG JianhongCHEN BinSHAO Mingqin
关键词:
鄱阳湖 共存机制 生态位分化 形态特征
Keywords:
Poyang Lake coexistence mechanism niche separation morphological characteristic
分类号:
Q 958
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为从形态学阐述水鸟共存机制,对鄱阳湖越冬的常见水鸟(24种游禽和36种涉禽)的体质量、体长、嘴峰、跗蹠长进行统计分析.结果显示,游禽间体质量比值(1.22±0.06)和嘴峰比值(1.22±0.14)略高,体长比值(1.09±0.03)和跗蹠长比值(1.07±0.02)略低.涉禽间体质量比值(1.18±0.03)略高,体长比值(1.07±0.01)、嘴峰比值(1.09±0.01)和跗蹠长比值(1.08±0.2)略低.游禽和涉禽的各形态特征比值均在1.1~1.2左右,这说明鄱阳湖鸟类的共存主要依赖物种的生态习性的分化维持的.亲缘物种形态特征较为相似.灰鹤(Grus grus)与白枕鹤(G.vipio)、小白额雁(Anser erythropus)与灰雁(A.anser)、罗纹鸭(Anas falcata)与针尾鸭(A.acuta)、斑嘴鸭(A.poecilorhyncha)与赤颈鸭(A.penelope)等鸟类间形态相似性较高,黑翅长脚鹬(Himantopus himantopus)、反嘴鹬(Recurvirostra avosetta)、白琵鹭(Platalea leucorodia)、苍鹭(Ardea cinerea)等鸟类与其它水鸟差异较大.运用竞争排斥原理分析了水鸟形态分化与物种共存和数量多寡的关系.
Abstract:
In order to explain the coexistence mechanism of common water birds at Poyang Lake from morphological perspective,the body weight,body length,culmen length and tarsus-metatarsus length of 24 waterfowls and 36 wading birds were analyzed.The result indicated that,the ratio of body weight and culmen length of waterfowls were relatively high(1.22±0.06 and 1.22±0.14,respectively)while the ratio of body length and tarsus-metatarsus length were relatively low(1.09±0.03 and 1.07±0.02,respectively).For wading birds,the ratio of body weight was relatively high(1.18±0.03)while the ratio of body length,culmen length and tarsus-metatarsus length were relatively low(1.07±0.01,1.09±0.01 and 1.08±0.2,respectively).The morphological ratio of common water birds were approximate to 1.1~1.2,which showed that these birds mainly depend on the separation of ecological habits to live together.The closely related species really had analogously physical features,such as Common crane Grus grus and White-naped crane Grus vipio,Lesser white-fronted goose Anser erythropus and Greylag goose Anser anser,Falcated duck Anas falcata and Northern pintail Anas acuta,Spot-billed duck Anas poecilorhyncha and Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope.But the similarity of Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus,Pied avocet Recurvirostra avosetta,Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia and Grey heron Ardea cinerea were relatively low compared to other birds.On the basis of competitive exclusion principle,the relationship among morphological differentiation,coexistence and their population size were analyzed.

参考文献/References:

[1] Amarasekare P.Coexistence of competing parasitoids on a patchily distributed host:local vs.spatial mechanisms [J].Ecology,2000,81(5):1286-1296.
[2] Chave J.Neutral theory and community ecology [J].Ecology Letters,2004,7(3):241-253.
[3] Shao Mingqin,Jiang Jianhong,Guo Hong,et al.Abundance,distribution and diversity variations of wintering water birds in Poyang Lake,Jiangxi Province,China [J].Pakistan J Zool,2014,46(2):451-462.
[4] 孙儒泳.动物生态学原理 [M].3版.北京:北京师范大学出版社,2001:1-636.
[5] 杨小农,朱磊,郝光,等.瓦屋山2种山雀的生态位分化和共存 [J].动物学杂志,2012,47(4):11-18.
[6] 文祯中,王庆林.鹭科鸟类种间关系的研究 [J].生态学杂志,1998,17(1):27-34.
[7] 周慧,仲阳康,赵平,等.崇明东滩冬季水鸟生态位分析 [J].动物学杂志,2005,40(1):59-65.
[8] Zeffer A,Johansson L C,Marmebro.Functional correlation between habitat use and leg morphology in birds(Aves)[J].Biological Journal of the Linnean Society,2003,79(3):461-484.
[9] 章旭日.鄱阳湖南矶山湿地国家级自然保护区冬季鸟类多样性及生态位分化研究 [D].南昌:江西师范大学,2011.
[10] 周雪玲,熊建秋,简敏菲,等.乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地优势水生植物对重金属污染的富集作用 [J].江西师范大学学报:自然科学版,2013,37(2):210-215.
[11] 王晓龙,徐力刚,白丽,等.鄱阳湖典型湿地植物群落土壤酶活性 [J].生态学杂志,2011,30(4):798-803.
[12] 戴年华,邵明勤,蒋剑虹,等.江西共青城市鄱阳湖区域非繁殖期鸟类多样性初步研究 [J].江西师范大学学报:自然科学版,2014,38(1):19-25.
[13] 郭英荣.鄱阳湖湿地越冬候鸟群落特征与生态保护对策 [D].南京:南京林业大学,2005.
[14] Li Fengshan,Wu Jiandong,James H,et al.Number and distribution of cranes wintering at Poyang Lake,China during 2011-2012 [J].Chinese Birds,2012,3(3):180-190.
[15] Ji Weitao,Zen Nanjing,Wang Yunbao,et al.Analysis of the waterbirds community survey of Poyang Lake in winter [J].Annal GIS,2007,13(1/2):51-64.
[16] 刘力华,陈晓澄,褚晖,等.高寒草甸常见雀形目鸟类共存机制的生态形态学解释 [J].动物学研究,2013,34(3):160-165.
[17] 邵明勤,蒋剑虹,戴年华,等.鄱阳湖越冬灰鹤和白枕鹤的数量与集群特征 [J].生态与农村环境学报,2014,30(4):464-469.
[18] 蒋剑虹,戴年华,邵明勤,等.鄱阳湖区稻田生境中灰鹤越冬行为的时间分配与觅食行为 [J].生态学报,2015,35(2):270-279.
[19] 王鑫.食物对越冬小白额雁分布、能量与氮平衡以及行为的影响 [D].合肥:中国科学技术大学,2013.
[20] 冯多多.东洞庭湖小白额雁(Anser erythropus)越冬种群空间分布及其影响因子研究 [D].北京: 北京林业大学,2013.
[21] 谢钦铭,李云,熊国根.鄱阳湖底栖动物生态研究及其底层鱼产力的估算 [J].江西科学,1995,13(3):161-169.
[22] 陈锦云,周立志.安徽沿江浅水湖泊越冬水鸟群落的集团结构 [J].生态学报,2011,31(18):5323-5331.
[23] Scott S N,Clegg S M,Blomberg S P,et al.Morphological shifts in island-dwelling birds:the roles of generalist foraging and niche expansion [J].Evolution,2003,57(9):2147-2156.

相似文献/References:

[1]胡春华,张培,曾思苗,等.鄱阳湖不同形态氮的时空分布特征[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2012,(02):213.
 HU Chun-hua,ZHANG Pei,ZENG Si-miao,et al.The Temporal and Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Different Species Nitrogen in Poyang Lake[J].,2012,(03):213.
[2]倪才英,夏秋烨,汪为青.鄱阳湖退田还湖生态补偿研究(Ⅲ)——鄱阳湖湿地退田还湖生态补偿实施建议[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2012,(04):431.
 NI Cai-ying,XIA Qiu-ye,WANG Wei-qing.The Study on Eco-Compensation of the Returning Field in Lakeside Areas to Poyang Lake (Ⅲ) — Suggestions on Eco-Compensation Measures for the Double-Returned Areas in Poyang Lake Wetlands[J].,2012,(03):431.
[3]周雪玲,熊建秋,简敏菲,等.乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地优势水生植物对重金属污染物的富集作用[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(02):210.
 ZHOU Xue-ling,XIONG Jian-qiu,JIAN Min-fei,et al.Heavy Metals Accumulation of Dominant Aquatic Plants in the Wetland of Le'an River and Poyang Lake[J].,2013,(03):210.
[4]聂兰琴,付姗,吴琴,等.鄱阳湖典型沉水植物分布区CO_2、CH_4释放日变化特征[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(04):429.
 NIE Lan-qin,FU Shan,WU Qin,et al.The Diurnal Variation of Carbon Dioxide and Methane Enission fron TyPical Subnerged Plant Zone in Poyang Lake[J].,2014,(03):429.
[5]杨平,柴文波,黄静,等.鄱阳湖微囊藻属形态多样性研究[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(05):496.
 YANG Ping,CHAI Wen-bo,HUANG Jing,et al.Study on Morphological Diversity of Microcystis(Cyanopthyta) from Poyang Lake,China[J].,2014,(03):496.
[6]曾雪真,倪才英,宋鹏飞.鄱阳湖入湖河口地带藜蒿食用安全分析[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2014,(05):543.
 ZENG Xue-zhen,NI Cai-ying,SONG Peng-fei.The Edible Safety Analysis for Artemisia Selengensis of Poyang Lake Estuary Aera[J].,2014,(03):543.
[7]叶嘉敏,余厚平,简敏菲,等.鄱阳湖流域农田重金属污染的生态风险评估[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(04):429.
 YE Jiamin,YU Houping,JIAN Minfei,et al.The Ecological Risk Assessment of the Heavy Metals Pollution on the Typical Wetland and Farmland of Poyang Lake[J].,2016,40(03):429.
[8]陈 波,王 鹏,张 华.鄱阳湖水体氮磷污染研究进展[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(04):437.
 CHEN Bo,WANG Peng,ZHANG Hua.The Review of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution in Poyang Lake Water[J].,2016,40(03):437.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金(31260517)
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01