[1]原宝东.褐翅鸦鹃春季生境选择初步研究[J].江西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2016,40(05):545-550.
 YUAN Baodong.The Primarily Analyses Habitat Preference of Common Coucal in Spring[J].,2016,40(05):545-550.
点击复制

褐翅鸦鹃春季生境选择初步研究()
分享到:

《江西师范大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
40
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
545-550
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-10-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Primarily Analyses Habitat Preference of Common Coucal in Spring
作者:
原宝东
商丘师范学院生命科学学院,河南 商丘 476000
Author(s):
YUAN Baodong
College Life Sciences,Shangqiu Normal University,Shangqiu Henan 476000,China
关键词:
褐翅鸦鹃 生境选择 主成分分析
Keywords:
Common coucal habitat selection principal composition analysis
分类号:
Q 959.7
摘要:
2012年2~4月,对广西宜州市的褐翅鸦鹃(Centropussinensis)生境选择进行了初步研究.共测量了70个20 m×20 m样方11个生态因子,对照样方88个,运用频次分析表明:褐翅鸦鹃选择利用郁闭度良好,避风性良好,水源距离10~100 m,乔木密度4~40株,灌木密度10~100株,乔木距离<1 m,灌木距离>1 m,树径<0.4 m,人为干扰距离10~100 m,食物丰富的生境.主成分分析结果表明,前4个主成分的选择特征值均大于1,其累计贡献率达70.342%,影响春季生境选择的主要因子为隐蔽性因子,次要因子是安全性和地理性因子、食物和水源因子和干扰性因子.减少人类活动对鸟类生境的破坏是促进褐翅鸦鹃种群数量和分布增加的重要途径.
Abstract:
The habitat preference of Common coucal(Centropussinensis)was investigated from February to April 2012 in Yizhou,Guangxi China.In field,eleven ecological factors were measured in 70 used quadrats(20 m×20 m)and 88 control quadrats,respectively.Vanderloeg and Scavia habitat selection index show that:the well canopy density,the well shelter of wind,the distance from water about 10 to 100 m,the tree density about 4 to 40 ind./plot,the shrub density about 10 to 100 ind./plot,the distance to tree less than 1 m,the distance to shrub more than 1 m,the diameter of tree less than 0.4 m,the human disturbance distance about 10 to 100 m and the well food richness were preferred in spring.The total eigenvalue contribution of the four factors was 70.342%.The first principal component belonging to safety factor was a major factor affecting spring habitat selection of Commoncoucal.How to reduce the human disturbanc was the key factor for increasing population number and distribution region.

参考文献/References:

[1] 楚国忠,郑光美.鸟类栖息地研究的取样调查方法 [J].动物学杂志,1993,28(6):47-52.
[2] Johnson D H.The comparison of usage and availability measurements for evaluating resource preference [J].Ecology,1980,61(1):65-71.
[3] Cody M L.Habitat selection in birds [M].London:Academic Press,1985.
[4] Young L,Zheng Guangmei,Zhang Zhengwang.Winter movements and habitat selection of Cabots dragoman in southeastern China [J].Ibis,1991,133(2):121-126.
[5] Hudson P J,Rands M R W.Ecology and Management of game birds [M].Oxfoxd:BSP Professional Books,1988:26-27.
[6] Wines J.Spatialscale and temporal.Variation in studies of shrub steppe birds,In J.Diamondand T.Case(eds.).Community ecology [M].New York:Harped rand Row Publishers,1986.
[7] 郑光美,王岐山.中国濒危动物红皮书鸟类 [M].北京:科学出版社,1998:45-87.
[8] 李小惠,廖维平,梁启华.海南岛两种鸦鹃的生态和食性 [J].动物学杂志,1983,18(4):29-33.
[9] 尚玉昌.行为生态学(十六):栖息地的选择(1)[J].生态学杂志,1987,6(4):59-62.
[10] 尚玉昌.行为生态学(十七):栖息地的选择(2)[J].生态学杂志,1987,6(6):57-60.
[11] 尚玉昌.中国行为生态学发展践略研究.中国生态学发展战略研究 [M].北京:中国经济出版社,1991:107-143.
[12] 陈洋,夏茜,王文,等.黑龙江龙口自然保护区黑熊春季生境选择 [J].野生动物,2010,31(2):63-68.
[13] 颜忠诚,陈永林.动物生境选择 [J].生态学杂志,1998,17(2):43-49.
[14] Yuan Baodong,Tang Chuangbin,Wang Zheng,et al.Red-bellied squirrel’s density,behavior,and habitat selection in Longjiang Riverside of Yizhou Guangxi,China[J].Asia Life Sciences,2013,22(2):549-564.
[15] Miller D A,Hurst G A.Habitat use of esteem wild turkey sentential [J].Wild Manage,1999,63(1):210-222.
[16] Kotliar N B,Wiens J A.MultiPle seals of Patchiness and Patchstructure:a hierarchical frame work for the study of het erogeneity [J].Oikos,1990,59:253-260.
[17] Hall L S,Mannan R W.Multiscaled habitat selection by Elegant Trogons in southeastern Arizona [J].Wild Manage,1999,63(2):451-461
[18] Bergin T M.Habitat selection by the western king bird in western Nebraska:A hierarchies analysis [J].The Condor,1992,94:903-911.
[19] Badyaev A V.Nesting habitat and nesting success of eastern wild turkeys in the Arkansas Ozark highlands [J].The Condor,1995,97:221-232.
[20] 约翰·马敬能,卡伦·菲利普斯,何芬奇.中国鸟类野外手册 [M].长沙:湖南教育出版社,2000.
[21] 黄清柏,李操.四川南充市郊褐翅鸦鹃的生境选择初探 [J].四川动物,2005,24(4):575-577.
[22] 原宝东.广西宜州龙江河畔赤腹松鼠春季栖息地选择 [J].林业科技,2011,36(1):25-29.
[23] 覃勇荣,覃宝山.河池学院校园寄生植物的危害及其防护 [J].河池学院学报,2008,28(2):47-52.
[24] Yuan Baodong,Lu Changhu.The effects of urbanization on bird diversity:A case study in Yizhou,Guangxi,China [J].Asia Life Science,2016,25(1):79-96,
[25] 原宝东.中华竹鼠春季洞穴生境特征初步研究 [J].江西师范大学学报:自然科学版,2011,35(6):583-586.
[26] Zar J H.Biostatistical analysis [M].5th Edition.New Jersey,USA:Prentice Hall,2010.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-01-09基金项目:河南省科技攻关项目,江苏林业三新工程(LYSX2016[41]),广西高校科学技术研究重点项目(2015KYZ105)和商丘师范学院高层次人才科研启动基金(50014001)资助项目.作者简介:原宝东(1981-),男,山东日照人,副教授,博士,主要从事动物学方面的研究.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01